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感恩口语:thank, appreciate和grateful的不同用法  

2014-11-27 12:25:37|  分类: English Corner |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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感恩口语:thank, appreciate和grateful的不同用法 - IC4.2 - 苏外英特四(2)班
 thank

(adj.) thankful (unthankful); (n.) thankfulness

thank作为及物动词,常用搭配是thank sb (for sth / for doing sth),如:
She said goodbye and thanked us for coming.

thank表示“感谢”,习惯上只接“人”作宾语,而不能接“事”作宾语:
 正:Thank you for your help.
误:Thank your help.

另外的用法:
1. have sb to thank for (doing) sth 归功于,如:
I have my parents to thank for my success.

2. thank your lucky stars 感谢你的幸运之星,口语中用于表达幸运,尤其是躲过了不愉快或危险的事。如:
Just thank your lucky stars you weren't in the house at the time.

appreciate

(adj.) appreciative (inappreciative); (n.) appreciation

appreciate作为“感激”解释时是及物动词,常用搭配:appreciate doing sth,后跟动名词或代词it代指的事情。习惯上只能接“事”作宾语(object),而不能接“人”作宾语:
 正:I'd appreciate some help.
误:I'd appreciate you for some help.

appreciate也指“欣赏”,有“对某事物有一定的兴趣及认识”的含义,如:
In time you'll appreciate the beauty and subtlety of this language.

此外,在商业书信来往中,appreciate一字出现率颇高,但其意和上面提及的“欣赏”音乐有所不同;如:
We greatly appreciate your getting the goods to us at such short notice.
在这句里,“We greatly appreciate...”和“Thank you for...”含意相同。

appreciate的第三个意思是“(对一种情况或问题的)理解”,如
I fully appreciate your concern. We will do all in our power to help.

appreciate的另一用法是指某东西“增值”,是不及物动词,如:
Their investments have appreciated over the years.
大家有没有留意到appreciate解作升值时是不需接宾语(object)的?

grateful

(反)ungrateful; (n.) gratitude (ingratitude)

grateful没有相应的动词,它的常用搭配是be grateful to sb for sth,或者后面跟不定式或that从句,如:
I am extremely grateful to all the teachers for their help.
 She seems to think I should be grateful to have a job at all.
 He was grateful that she didn't tell his parents about the incident.

另外,grateful也可用于表达请求,这种用法在书信或者其他正式场合用得比较多,如:
I would be grateful if you could send the completed form back as soon as possible.
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